The Three Most Common Types of Psychedelic MushroomsThe names of magic mushrooms may seem unfamiliar, but most users have encountered one or more of these common varieties.
1. Psilocybe cubensisOf all the different types of magic mushrooms, Psilocybe cubensis is one that most users are familiar with. This kind of mushroom has a cap that is usually reddish-brown, with a white to yellowish stem. Mushroom hunters tend to find it in damp, humid climates, often growing on the feces of grazing animals.
2. Psilocybe semilanceataAlso known as the liberty cap, the psilocybe semilanceata is another common psilocybin mushroom. P. semilanceata tends to thrive in areas like moist, grassy fields that are used for cattle. This is a relatively small mushhroom, ranging in color from light yellow to brown and has a pointed cap.
Psilocybe baeocystisAlso known as bluebell or bottle cap is yet another and has a dark brown wavy cap and yellowish or brownish stem when fresh. It can be found in fields and also on rotting logs, peat or mulch. Psilocybin is usually eaten or brewed as a tea, after which the body rapidly converts it to psilocin. Psilocin can produce mind-altering effects comparable, in some ways, to those produced by DMT, LSD, and mescaline. Effects may include euphoria, hallucinations, changes in perception, a distorted perception of time, and spiritual experiences, as well as adverse reactions like nausea, anxiety, and panic attacks.
Psilocybin AbusePsilocybin is classified by the Drug Enforcement Administration as a Schedule I controlled substance. This classification indicates that it is not considered to have any legitimate medical purpose and has a high potential for abuse. Possession of psilocybin mushroom is also illegal in most states. Perhaps more significantly, chronic psilocybin abuse can lead to an emotional addiction. Physiologically, it can also cause a condition that clinicians call hallucinogen use disorder. This condition is hallmarked by problematic drug use that causes significant impairment in a person’s life. Furthermore, he or she will continue to abuse psilocybin mushrooms despite adverse consequences that occur. Common signs and symptoms of substance abuse and addiction include the following:
- Using more of the substance than initially intended or for a longer period.
- Spending a significant amount of time obtaining, using, and recovering from substance abuse.
- Experiencing strong drug cravings.
- Using the substance even when it results in a failure to fulfill personal obligations, social and interpersonal problems, or causes severe physical or psychological health problems.
- Using the substance in hazardous situations, such as when operating a motor vehicle.
- Neglecting activities that were once considered important or pleasurable as a result of substance abuse.
- Difficulty cutting back or quitting the substance of choice.
- Needing increasing amounts of the substance to produce the desired effects.
Effects of Psilocybin AbuseThe short-term effects of psilocybin mushrooms usually appear within 20-90 minutes of consumption and can include the following:
- Mixed-sensory experiences
- Changes in time perception
- Spiritual experiences
- Detachment from reality
- Loss of sense of self
- Intense emotions
- Rapid respiration
- Excessive sweating
- Increased body temperature
- Higher blood pressure
- Heart palpitations
- Loss of appetite
- Dry mouth
- Sleep disturbances
- Blurred vision
- Impaired coordination