Types of Psychedelic Mushrooms

Types of Psychedelic Mushrooms and Abuse | Harmony Recovery Center

Psilocybin is a naturally-occurring psychedelic compound produced by more than 200 species of mushrooms, also known as psilocybin mushrooms. Many of these mushroom species include other psychoactive substances that also act as hallucinogens.

The 3 most common types of psychedelic mushrooms include the following:

Psilocybe cubensis 

Also known as the common large Psilocybe, golden cap, or Mexican mushroom. This mushroom has a cap that is usually reddish-brown, with a white to yellowish stem. It’s commonly found in damp, humid climates and grows on the feces of grazing animals, such as cattle.

Psilocybe semilanceata

Also known as the liberty cap, is another common psilocybin mushroom. In general, P. semilanceata is also found in moist, grassy fields often populated by grazing animals. It’s a small mushroom, ranging in color from light yellow to brown and has a pointed cap.

Psilocybe baeocystis

Also known as bluebell or bottle cap is yet another and has a dark brown cap and yellowish or brownish stem when fresh. It can be found in fields and also on rotting logs, peat or mulch. 

Psilocybin is usually eaten or brewed as a tea, after which the body rapidly converts it to psilocin. Psilocin can produce mind-altering effects comparable, in some ways, to those produced by DMT, LSD, and mescaline. Effects may include euphoria, hallucinations, changes in perception, a distorted perception of time, and spiritual experiences, as well as adverse reactions like nausea, anxiety, and panic attacks.

Psilocybin Abuse

Psilocybin is classified by the Drug Enforcement Administration as a Schedule I controlled substance. This classification indicates that it is not considered to have any legitimate medical purpose and has a high potential for abuse. 

Chronic psilocybin abuse can lead to an emotional addiction, also known as hallucinogen use disorder. This condition is hallmarked by problematic drug use that causes significant impairment in a person’s life. Furthermore, he or she will continue to abuse psilocybin mushrooms despite adverse consequences that occur.

Common signs and symptoms of substance abuse and addiction include the following:

  • Using more of the substance than initially intended or for a longer period.
  • Spending a significant amount of time obtaining, using, and recovering from substance abuse.
  • Experiencing strong drug cravings.
  • Using the substance even when it results in a failure to fulfill personal obligations, social and interpersonal problems, or causes severe physical or psychological health problems.
  • Using the substance in hazardous situations, such as when operating a motor vehicle.
  • Neglecting activities that were once considered important or pleasurable as a result of substance abuse.
  • Difficulty cutting back or quitting the substance of choice.
  • Needing increasing amounts of the substance to produce the desired effects.

Effects of Psilocybin Abuse

Types of Psychedelic Mushrooms and Abuse | Harmony Recovery Center

The short-term effects of psilocybin mushrooms usually appear within 20-90 minutes of consumption and can include the following:

  • Hallucinations
  • Mixed-sensory experiences
  • Changes in time perception
  • Spiritual experiences
  • Detachment from reality
  • Loss of sense of self
  • Intense emotions
  • Rapid respiration
  • Excessive sweating
  • Increased body temperature
  • Higher blood pressure
  • Heart palpitations
  • Tremors
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dry mouth
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Impaired coordination
  • Paranoia
  • Psychosis

According to The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the potential for psilocybin mushrooms to cause long-term adverse effects is not fully understood and requires more research. However, there is no question that when a person is intoxicated by psilocybin, their logic and reasoning capabilities can be severely compromised. Also, some people may have frightening experiences as a result of use, otherwise known as “bad trips” and can have lasting adverse effects on the user.

In rare cases, a user may develop hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD), which occurs in around 4.2% of people who use hallucinogens. Those with this condition experience “flashbacks” or a re-experiencing of psilocybin mushroom intoxication despite having abstained from use for a prolonged period.

People who use psilocybin may also be more vulnerable to injury or death as a result of poor judgment and accidents. Mushroom users are also at a heightened risk of poisoning and death from accidentally consuming a toxic mushroom that was misidentified as “safe.”

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Unlike many other drugs of abuse, the long-term use of psilocybin has not been shown to result in physical dependence or withdrawal symptoms. However, psychoactive substances such as these mushrooms have the potential to be habit-forming. Chronic users may also develop a tolerance, which means that they will need increasing doses of psilocybin to achieve the desired effects.

Harmony Recovery Center offers comprehensive, evidence-based treatments, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, individual and family counseling, and group therapy, that address the underlying reasons why people choose to abuse substances of any kind. We believe that every person, regardless of their past, has the right to receive the very best treatment available.

If you or someone you love is struggling to overcome the abuse of drugs or alcohol, contact us today. We are dedicated to helping those who need it most break free from the chains of addiction and begin to enjoy the long-lasting wellness that they deserve!

⟹ READ THIS NEXT: Effects of Acid

Effects of Acid

Effects of Acid | Harmony Recovery Center

Effects of Acid – Acid is another name for LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), a very potent hallucinogen. Lysergic acid is found in the fungus ergot, and so powerful that doses need be only in micrograms. Effects are said to be stimulating, pleasant, and mind-altering, but can also lead to sometimes terrifying experiences, also known as having a “bad trip.”

Acid is illegal in the United States and classified as a Schedule I drug by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). This means that LSD has a high potential for abuse, and has no accepted medical use.

What is LSD?

LSD is produced as a crystalline form and then combined with other ingredients or diluted as a liquid for production in ingestible forms. It is colorless and odorless and has a mildly bitter taste.

LSD is a mind-altering drug, thought to cause hallucinogenic effects by interacting with the serotonin receptors in the brain. Serotonin is a “feel good” neurotransmitter that helps control mood and behavior.

LSD is found on the streets in a variety of forms, such as the following:

  • Blotter paper – LSD soaked onto sheets of absorbent paper that are cut into small, individual dosage units
  • Thin squares of gelatin (window panes)
  • Tablets known as Microdots or capsules
  • Liquid on sugar cubes
  • Pure liquid form

Also, some people may snort/inhale LSD through or inject it into a vein.

Common Street Names for LSD:

  • Acid
  • Blotter
  • Doses
  • Dots
  • Trips
  • Mellow Yellow
  • Window Panes

Here Are Some Of The Effects Of Acid

The physical effects of acid can be unpredictable and no one can know for sure when they used it if they will have a good or bad “trip.” Effects are often felt about 30-45 minutes after ingestion, peak around 2-4 hours, and may last 12-24 hours.

Effects include the following:

  • Hallucinations
  • Distorted perception of shapes and colors
  • altered sounds
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Flashbacks
  • Rapid heart rate, increased body temperature, and hypertension
  • Extreme changes in mood
  • Psychosis is the event of an overdose
  • Impaired depth and time perception
  • Distorted shape of objects, colors, sound, touch, and body image
  • Scary thoughts and feeling
  • Fear of losing control, insanity, or death
  • Synesthesia (hearing colors, seeing sounds)

The physical effects can also include nausea, loss of appetite, difficulty sleeping, dry mouth, tremors, and seizures.

Hazards and Flashbacks

After using LSC, the ability to make sound judgments and see everyday hazards may be impaired, making the user particularly vulnerable to injury. In some cases, LSD users may also develop psychosis, such as severe depression or schizophrenia.

After a trip, the user may experience acute depression, anxiety, or flashbacks (hallucinogen persisting perception disorder) which are characterized by a return to the effects of the LSD trip days, weeks, or months later.

A flashback can occur suddenly, usually among those who are chronic users of hallucinogens or have an underlying mental health condition. Healthy people who ingest acid only occasionally may also have flashbacks, however.

LSD can also produce tolerance, meaning that the person using needs greater doses to achieve the same effect.

Can You Overdose On Acid?

In some individuals, it may take up to 90 minutes to achieve effects – as a result, some users may take multiple doses in a short time in an attempt to initiate a trip. This could lead to an accidental overdose.

LSD overdose symptoms may include the following:

  • Markedly dilated pupils
  • Dangerously elevated blood pressure
  • Tachycardia (rapid heart rate)
  • Muscle shakes or tremors
  • Extreme drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Excessive sweating and flushing
  • Flushing
  • Tingling or prickling sensations.
  • Goosebumps

Signs of a severe LSD overdose (Rare may include:

  • Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
  • Bleeding inside the skull
  • Vomiting
  • Dangerously high body temperature
  • Blood clotting malfunctions
  • Breakdown of muscle tissue, which may result in kidney failure
  • Seizures
  • Coma, although rare

 

 

In 2016, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NHSDA) estimated that 8.3% of the 18-25 aged population had used LSD at some point in their lives, and those who had used LSD and were older than 26 years was 10.8%. Moreover, rates of LSD use have remained relatively low among youth in the U.S. in recent years.

Effects of Acid | Harmony Recovery Center

LSD is not known to produce a chemical dependence – this means that it is unlikely for withdrawal symptoms to manifest upon cessation of using acid. For this reason, detox may be unnecessary.

Still, LSD, like any psychoactive substance, can be psychologically addictive and therefore, difficult to quit entirely. Persons addicted to acid should participate in a drug treatment program that includes behavioral therapy, counseling, 12-step program meetings, and group support.

Harmony Recovery Center offers comprehensive programs for the treatment of addictive substances in both partial hospitalization and outpatient formats. Using evidence-based services, such as psychotherapy, we provide clients with the tools and support they need to succeed at recovery.

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READ THIS NEXT ⟹ Can You Overdose On LSD?

The Peyote Drug

Peyote Drug | Harmony Recovery Center | North Carolina

The Peyote Drug – Peyote is a spineless cactus native to parts of Peru, Mexico, and the southwest U.S. The peyote drug is psychoactive due to the presence of mescaline, a hallucinogen found in and on the peyote cactus. Peyote is relatively rare, and for this reason, drug dealers may deceptively label LSD or PCP as mescaline in an attempt to expand their market.

On the street, peyote is referred to by various names, including the following:

  • Hikuli
  • Hikori
  • Hyatari
  • Nubs
  • Half moon
  • Seni
  • Tops
  • Bad seed
  • Britton

Mescaline itself is sometimes referred to on the street as:

  • Cactus buttons
  • Cactus joint
  • Cactus
  • Mese
  • Moon
  • Mescal
  • Mesc
  • Musk
  • Topi

Peyote Facts

The peyote drug is among the oldest known psychedelic substances. The Aztecs venerated it as being magical and holy. Many other Native American tribes have used peyote for medicinal purposes, such as for treating alcohol dependence. In addition, peyote has seen regular use in Native American spiritual ceremonies.

Both mescaline and peyote are classified as Schedule I controlled substances in the United States. This classification means that they are considered by the U.S. government to have a high potential for abuse and no acceptable medical purposes.

Routes of Administration

Small offshoots from the cactus, known as buttons, are removed and dried, after which they can be chewed and swallowed. These peyote buttons may be immersed in water to filter out the psychoactive ingredients into a solution. Similarly, these buttons can be boiled in water for several hours to generate a hallucinogenic tea. Dried peyote buttons can also be crushed into a powder and smoked.

Peyote’s Mechanism of Action

Chemically, mescaline is classified as a phenethylamine and is therefore unrelated to other psychedelics such as LSD or psilocybin mushrooms. However, it does belongs to the same category as synthetic psychedelics like ecstasy (MDMA).

Peyote produces its effects by targeting norepinephrine and dopamine neurotransmitters, as mescaline is similar in structure to them. Mescaline, therefore, intervenes with normal processes in the brain that involve these two chemicals.

Dopamine is a chemical in the central nervous system (CNS) responsible for feelings of reward, pleasure, and well-being. Norepinephrine is responsible for stress, and the activation and modulation of the fight-or-flight response.

Peyote Drug Effects

Peyote Drug | Harmony Recovery Center | North Carolina

The mescaline in peyote produces cognitive, emotional, and perceptual effects, including the following:

  • Vivid mental images
  • Distorted vision
  • Synesthesia
  • Hallucinations
  • Altered perception
  • Heightened senses
  • Loss of sense of reality
  • Euphoria
  • Feeling heavy or weightless

Adverse effects may also include:

  • Feelings of terror
  • Anxiety and panic
  • Disorientation
  • Fear of death
  • Loss of control
  • Agitation
  • Depression
  • Paranoia
  • Confusion

The Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR) states that some individuals may encounter physical effects from peyote use, including the following:

  • Numbness and weakness
  • Twitching muscles
  • Dizziness
  • Dilated pupils
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased body temperature
  • Excessively sweating
  • Chills/shivering
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Long-Term Effects of Peyote

Although rare, adverse long-term effects can occur after a single use of peyote. In some cases, an individual who has previously used peyote can experience a “flashback,” in which he or she relives past hallucinations without the presence of the substance. When a person experiences repeated flashbacks following a psychedelic experience, they may be suffering from what is known as hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD).

Despite long-term side effects associated with peyote use being uncommon, there have been a few reported diagnostic incidences of paranoid schizophrenia following prolonged trips. Evidence has suggested that those with a past history of mental illness are at a heightened risk of developing further mental health problems due to long-term hallucinogen exposure.

Is Peyote Addictive?

There are currently no reported cases of peyote addiction, according to the Center for Substance Abuse Research. Because of its mechanism of action, it seems to lack the essential properties needed to produce physical dependence.

However, a person can develop a psychological addiction to any substance or behavior. Therefore, despite there also being no documented cases of psychological dependence related to peyote, it is still technically possible. Moreover, habitual peyote abuse typically occurs in combination with the abuse of other substances, such as other drugs or alcohol.

Treatment for Peyote Drug Abuse

Although rare, peyote can be abused and become psychologically addictive. If you or someone you love is abusing peyote, please seek help as soon as possible in the form of professional, evidence-based addiction treatment.

Harmony Recovery Center is a specialized treatment facility that features services essential for the recovery process, including psychotherapy, counseling, group support, medication-assisted treatment, health and wellness programs, aftercare planning, and much more.

Our caring specialists provide our clients with the resources and support they desperately need to fully recover from drug or alcohol addiction and foster healthier, more fulfilling lives for themselves and their loved ones.

Contact us today and discover how we help people break the cycle of substance abuse for life!

What Is Triple C?

Triple C | Harmony Recovery Center | North Carolina

Triple C is the common street name for Coricidin HBP Cough & Cold, a popular over-the-counter brand of cough and cold medication that is commonly abused by teenagers. Multiple Coricidin products include the cough suppressant dextromethorphan (DXM), a drug that can produce hallucinations and dissociation when consumed in high doses.

Triple C is considered to have a moderate potential for abuse but remains unregulated by the federal government. As such, DXM products can be purchased without a prescription. The substance is considered safe when used as directed, but abusing Coricidin products can lead to coma or death. DXM is most often taken orally, but when misused can also be snorted or injected.

While the sale of pharmaceuticals that contain DXM to minors has been banned in several states, many teens still continue to misuse these drugs for their hallucinogen effects.

What Does Triple C Look Like?

Coricidin HBP is available in several formulas including those for the treatment of cough and colds, chest congestion, and influenza. Some teenagers refer to the drug as “Skittles” because the pills resemble the popular candy. Other street names include “Robo,” “CCC,” and “Poor Man’s PCP.”

Commonly abused Triple C medications including the following:

  • Coricidin HBP Cough & Cold – Round red tablets, 30mg
  • Coricidin HBP Chest Congestion & Cough – Red softgel capsules, 10mg
  • Coricidin HBP Maximum Strength Flu – Oblong red tablets, 15 mg

Young people who abuse triple C often consume high doses of the drug in pill form. Powdered forms of DXM, which are available for purchase on the internet, can also be injected or snorted. It is not known if the powder is derived from Coricidin products, other DXM medications, or is synthesized by dealers.

Effects of Triple C

DXM is a dissociative anesthetic and hallucinogen that can alter a user’s perception and behavior. When abused, it can induce euphoria, delusions, and hallucinations. The higher the dose, the more intense the drug’s effects can become.

A triple C high, also sometimes referred to as robotripping, can lead to the following adverse effects:

  • Stomach pain
  • Slurred speech
  • Vision changes
  • Poor muscle control
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Nausea and stomach pain
  • Brain damage

Effects of DXM products can last up to six hours when taken in excessively high doses. Indeed, the medication is considered safe and effective when taken at 10-30 milligrams every six hours. But higher doses, however, can lead to severe adverse reactions including overdose.

Triple C | Harmony Recovery Center | North Carolina

Symptoms of a DXM overdose include problems breathing, intense hallucinations, increased body temperature, seizures, and coma. Consuming high doses of DXM repeatedly can also cause toxic psychosis, a severe mental health disorder in which a person experiences a complete disconnection from reality.

Coricidin products may also contain medications other than DXM that can cause health problems. For example, acetaminophen, which is the primary ingredient in Tylenol, can cause liver damage when used in high doses.

Preventing Triple C Misuse

According to law enforcement, triple C is most often abused by adolescents. Teens may steal the medication from pharmacies and use it or sell it to friends. For this precise reason, many retail stores have placed DXM products behind the counter rather than make them accessible on public shelves.

Parents are often unaware that their child is abusing these products. However, a teenager using DXM recreationally may exhibit several physical and behavioral changes, such as the following:

  • Dizziness
  • Sweating
  • Paranoia
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rapid eye movement
  • Drowsiness and lethargy

Signs of triple C misuse also include empty medication packaging in the trash (check for the presence of DXM in the ingredients to be sure), missing products from the medicine cabinet and declining academic performance. Adolescents abusing Coricidin HBP may also exhibit hostility and be uncooperative with parents and teachers.

Parents are urged to educate themselves on the effects of dextromethorphan. Understanding how DXM abuse can impact a person’s physical and psychological health can also help parents explain the dangers of abusing these drugs to their children.

Teen internet access should be closely monitored because DXM and other potentially dangerous substances are often sold online. Also, parents should safeguard the medicine cabinet and all medications in the house that contain DXM, opioids, benzodiazepines, or any other potentially intoxicating substances.

Treatment for Drug Addiction

An addiction to any drug is a serious problem that can potentially have devastating consequences. Harmony Recovery Center offers evidence-based addiction treatment programs that include services vital to the recovery process, such as psychotherapy, counseling, group support, medication-assisted treatment, health and wellness programs, aftercare planning, and more.

We are dedicated to ensuring that every client receives the support and tools they need to fully recover and break free once and for all from the disease of addiction. Please contact us today and find out how we help people reclaim their lives and enjoy long-lasting sobriety and wellness!

Can You Overdose on LSD?

Can You Overdose on LSD | Harmony Treatment and Wellness

Can You Overdose on LSD? – LSD (D-lysergic acid diethylamide) is a hallucinogen drug that alters thoughts and perceptions in those who use it. People have experimented with hallucinogens for thousands of years using natural plants or fungus, such as peyote or psilocybin mushrooms. But unlike these, LSD is created in a lab from a chemical isolated from the fungus ergot.

When used, LSD, also known as acid, dots, etc., is usually swallowed or held under the tongue. It is most often distributed on blotter paper and less commonly as tablets or in gelatin squares.

Signs and Symptoms of LSD Overdose

When someone uses too much LSD, he or she may encounter terrifying hallucinations. But unlike heroin or alcohol, it does not appear to be possible to take a lethal amount. When someone experiences an LSD “overdose,” most likely they are suffering from what is more commonly known as a “bad trip.”

Though less risky than many other drugs, LSD is not without its dangers, however. Severe injury and death have occurred as an indirect result of LSD use. Indeed, accidents, self-mutilation, and even suicide have befallen people during LSD trips, when they are mostly oblivious to their surroundings or what they are doing.

Commonly experienced effects of LSD may include:

  • A distorted sense of time
  • Visual hallucinations
  • Synaesthesia, or mixed senses (e.g., “seeing” sounds)
  • Intensified senses of smell and hearing

Side effects may include:

  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Dilated pupils
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Dry mouth
  • Weakness and tremors
  • Insomnia
  • Blurred vision
  • Raised body temperature

Repeated LSD use is potentially dangerous and can severely impact a person’s thoughts, emotions, and behavior.

Can You Overdose on LSD? | Harmony Recovery Center

In contrast to some of these relatively minor symptoms, a bad trip experience may be extremely unpleasant. LSD users may encounter frightening alterations in their thoughts and moods, which places them at increased risk for a serious injury or death.

Some of the potentially adverse outcomes include:

  • Extreme anxiety and panic
  • Paranoia
  • Rapid mood swings
  • Dying in an accident
  • Depersonalization, feelings of lost identity
  • Aggression towards others, including homicide
  • Self-mutilation
  • Suicidal thoughts and behaviors

In one such tragic case, in 1953, American bacteriologist and CIA employee Dr. Frank Olsen, 43, allegedly jumped to his death from the window of a 13th story hotel room in New York. At a meeting in Maryland nine days prior, he was covertly given a dose of LSD by his CIA supervisor.

A firsthand account of what Dr. Olsen experienced during this trip is not available, but he was reported to have suffered from psychosis and emotional instability as a result. Furthermore, consuming a drink spiked with a hallucinogenic drug while unaware of its presence is likely to be much more confusing and terrifying than experiencing such effects after intentionally taking the drug.

While the triggering of psychosis and or suicide is relatively uncommon under the influence of LSD, it is undoubtedly a risk, especially among those who have a history of emotional or mental health conditions. 

Risk Factors on LSD

LSD is an unpredictable drug, and it can be difficult to determine when a person might experience an overdose or bad trip. People who have taken LSD many times before without any problem may suddenly encounter a bad trip.

One danger with LSD is that users quickly develop a tolerance for the drug. When someone first takes LSD, they are likely to experience the hallucinogenic effects rapidly and intensely. However, upon repeated use, the body builds up a tolerance, and the person who uses it must use more of it to achieve the same effects as before.

If someone regularly abuses LSD, it can also increase their tolerance to other hallucinogenic drugs, such as PCP. This tolerance can result in the person taking more of other unpredictable drugs while attempting to have a “good” trip. This issue is further compounded by the fact that it is difficult to control the dose of an unregulated drug such as LSD, which has effective doses in the microgram range.

However, LSD is not considered to be physically addictive. Users of LSD normally do not have drug cravings, and stopping the use of LSD does not lead to symptoms of physical withdrawal.

What to Do in Case of an LSD Overdose (Bad Trip)

If you or a loved one uses LSD and encounters the aforementioned symptoms of an overdose or bad trip, seek emergency medical treatment as soon as possible. Although an overdose in and of itself is not life-threatening, intervention can help prevent harm to oneself and others through self-mutilation, suicide, accidents, or highly risky and impulsive behavior.

Treatment for LSD Addiction

LSD does not have a high potential for addiction, but it can certainly be abused. It’s also commonly used in conjunction with other substances, including other illicit drugs and alcohol. Some people have also reported developing a psychological vulnerability to LSD use.

Persons abusing LSD or another substance should seek treatment as soon as possible. The most effective approaches for treating drug abuse and addiction involve comprehensive, evidence-based services and therapeutic modalities such as behavioral therapy, counseling, and group support.

Our center employs knowledgeable addiction professionals who provide our clients with the tools and long-term support they need to defeat addiction and live normal, healthy lives.

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